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rhododendron

Flash Guide to Growing Rhododendrons

Flash Guide to Growing Rhododendrons

For Rhododendrons to develop successfully in colder climates like ours they need:

  •  Porous or acidic soil.
  •  To be planted in an area that receives morning sun with shade in mid to late afternoon (shade tolerant, not shade loving).
  •  Protection from winter wind (do not plant in open areas unless well protected with burlap screening).

Jump off on the right foot with these flash tips to growing beautiful Rhododendrons:

Soils

  •  Well drained, yet moist acidic soil with high organic matter.
  •  Sandy loam with added peat moss is ideal.

rhododendron-tree-trunk

Planting

  • The hole for planting must be 15 cm deeper than the root ball and 2 to 3 times wider.
  • Loosen soil in hole (do not remove).
  • Make raised bed with 50% Parkwood® 3 in 1 (well rotted compost can also be used) and 50% Peat Moss.
  • Do not plant deeper than what the plant was in the nursery container.
  • Carefully remove the plastic or metal container (if your pot is fibre you need only remove the rim and bottom). If your plant is balled and burlapped (B&B) untie knots and pull burlap back from the stem once plant is placed in hole.
  • Before planting, loosen roots carefully by hand if they are circling soil.
  • Ensure soil mixture is compact around root ball.
  • Water thoroughly and fertilize with Parkwood® Water Soluble 30-10-10 Food.

Mulches

  • Mulch surface with shredded bark, cocoa beans or a mixture of peat moss and compost or cattle manure.
  • Do not cultivate around plants, remove any weeds by hand.

Watering

  • Water only when soil has dried out. Soak thoroughly using a gentle overhead sprinkler or soaker hose on the surface.
  • Check moisture levels weekly (more if weather is extremely hot).
  • Ensure soil is moist before the ground freezes in the fall.

rhododendronFertilizing

  •  Fertilize in early spring (as soon as soil warms up and root growth begins).
  •  Use Parkwood® Water Soluble Evergreen & Shrub Food, 30-10-10, according to the package directions.
  •  Fertilize again once new growth has matured with Parkwood® Water Soluble Fertilizer Flower Food 15-30-15. This will encourage new bud growth for the following year.
  •  Iron deficiency can result from high soil pH and can be corrected by acidifying the soil with peat moss for a long-term green colour. In short-term, plants can be sprayed with Iron Chelate.
  •  Do not use Aluminum Sulphate to acidify the soil as it leaves build up in the soil and will cause harm to your plants over time.

Pruning/Dead-Heading

  • Very little pruning is required unless your plant becomes uneven or grows over a walkway. This can be done while plants are in bloom if you would like the cuttings.
  • Greater branching can be encouraged by removing the centre bud of the leaf bud clusters in late fall.
  • Dead-Heading is the removing of finished flower clusters. Dead-Heading encourages enhanced flower bud production for the following year.

Winter Protection

  •  Use a burlap screen, staking four corners and an opening left at the top to ensure the burlap does not touch the plant.
  •  Leaves or cut up evergreen boughs can add extra protection around the base of the plant.
  •  Spray an anti-desiccant such as Wilt-Pruf.

Companion Plants

  • Deciduous Azaleas add additional colour (yellow and orange).
  • Mountain-Laurel (Kalmia) and Pieris add different foliage texture and will flower in any partially shaded area.
  • Wintergreen (Gautheria procumbens), Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) and Twinflower (Linnaea borealis) are an excellent ground cover for moist acidic soil in shaded areas.

Trillium wildflower

  • Hardy Ferns, Primulas, Columbines, Daylilies, and various wildflowers such as Trilliums, Foam-flower, Virginia Bluebell, Wild Ginger and Jack-in-the-Pulpit can also add interest and should be planted at the same time so as not to disturb the surface roots of plants after they are established.