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Herbs: Annual to Perennial & Ornamental

Herbs: Annual to Perennial & Ornamental

Pondering which herbs pair best with your foodie lifestyle?

  • Which herbs do you like to cook with?
  • How big do they grow and what’s your available growing space?
  • Do you aim to attract Butterflies and Honey Bees? Lavender, Thyme, Sage, Borage, and Marjoram are great at this!
  • Annual, Biennial, or Perennial? Or are Ornamental Herbs what you have on your mind? Here’s a list of the most popular herbs in this part of the world to get you started!

Annual Herbs

  • Dill
  • Sweet Marjoram
  • Coriander
  • Rosemary
  • Summer Savory
  • Chervil

rosemary herb gardening

  • Basil – comes in several varieties but is sensitive to cool temperatures, not just frost and cold winds. Plant it the first week of June to avoid injury.
  • Sweet and Lettuce-Leaf – are by far the most popular for cooking.
  • Bush Basil – is a small, compact form with tiny leaves.
  • Cinnamon and Lemon – both have a distinct fragrance and flavour.

Biennial Herbs

These herbs have a life cycle of 2 years, produce flowers and seeds in the second year and then die off.

  • Caraway
  • Parsley

Learn how to Grow, Harvest & Keep Herbs

Perennial Herbs

This long-lived group includes:

  • Oregano
  • Sage
  • Chives
  • Lavender
  • Catnip
  • Lemon Balm
  • Winter Savorysage with water droplets
  • French Tarragon
  • Thyme
  • Mint – is notoriously invasive and needs serious containment. Growing them in a large pot that can be left out year-round is the safest solution.

Ornamental Herbs

These herbs have particularly attractive foliage or flowers and can be used in mixed or perennial borders.

  • Bronze Fennel grows 90 cm -180 cm (3′ – 6′) tall and has outstanding feathery leaves that start out dark purple and turn to metallic bronze.
  • Golden, Purple, and Tri-colour Sage have beautiful variegated foliage and a compact form.
  • Lemon and Silver Thyme have tiny gold and green and white and green leaves respectively.
  • Creeping and Woolly Thyme are very low and grow well between flagstones. They flower exquisitely and, when walked on, release a fresh scent.
  • Purple Ruffles Basil has dark purple leaves with a crinkly texture. It makes a bold edging plant.
  • Pineapple Sage has an intense scarlet bloom that appear in the fall
  • Garlic Chives have perfect round, white flowers on long thin stems in late summer.
  • Lavender has terrific, mauve, purple, or deep blue fragrant blossoms that last over a long period. It can be planted individually, as a mass, or as a low hedge.