Wonderful World of Maples
Wonderful World of Maples
Types of Shade Maples
- Red Maple
• The leaves are medium to dark green in the summer and the fall colour varies from yellow to reddish-orange to brilliant red.
• A very hardy tree which thrives in full sun and does well in most soil types but prefers moist soils.
• Medium to fast growing.
- Sugar Maple
• Best known for making Maple Syrup, bright green leaves turning orange, red, and golden-yellow in fall.
• Thrives in full sun to full shade.
• Likes well-drained moderately moist fertile soil.
- Columnar Norway Maple
• More compact form of columnar. Excellent for street planting and narrow spaces.
• Generally free of pests, disease and wind damage.
- Globe Norway Maple
• A dense, rounded, very symmetrically growing tree.
• ldeal for height restrictions.
• The foliage is a dark green in the summer, changing to yellow in the fall.
- Crimson King Maple
• Is a variation of the Norway Maple, but the leaves are more red than purple.
• Adapts to all soils, sand or clay.
• Thrives best in full sun.
• Brilliant deep maroon foliage from spring right through to fall.
- Harlequin Maple
• Light green leaves edged in white, with some leaves showing a mix of white and green.
• A striking accent tree.
- Morgan Red Maple
• The leaves are medium to dark green in the summer with orange-red to red fall colour.
• This tree thrives in full sun and prefers moist soils.
• One of the fastest growing red maples.
• Broad, oval-shaped head. This specimen is very hardy.
- Sheridan Silver Maple
• Tolerant to most soils, but prefers moist soil.
• Renowned for its fast growth rate and green foliage with the shimmery silver underside.
• The silver maple shouldn’t be used on small properties.
• This is a native tree.
Culture of Large Maples
- Fertilize in the spring with tree fertilizer stakes.
- Pruning must only be done in the summer months (The sap runs so quickly in the late winter, early spring that it will not stop if pruned at the wrong time of year).
- Rake all maple leaves off the lawn before winter arrives (accumulation can seriously damage your lawn).
Under planting a Large Maple
Many Maple varieties grow tall and wide which can cast dense shade.
- If you have grass growing underneath, it may be difficult to maintain a healthy lawn in that area as the Maple takes most of the moisture and nutrients from soil.
- As your Maple matures and the grass diminishes, consider a bed of low maintenance ground cover to replace the lawn.
- There are many attractive year round broadleaf evergreens such as Periwinkle, Japanese Spurge, English Ivy, or Wintercreeper Euonymus.
- To alleviate the flatness of a large bed of ground cover, plant clumps of perennials such as Hosta or Ferns which will add a bit of height, texture, and colour contrast.
Types of Japanese Maples
These groups of special Maples are considerably smaller with delicate and refined foliage. Japanese Maples vary in form also.
- Purpleleaf (atropurpureum)
• Upright, small-scale, twigs are thin, red leaves are medium size, turn green in the summer.
• Fall Foliage is brilliant red.
• Winter protection is a must.
• Displays exciting weeping, cascading branches, small deeply serrated; golden fall colour.
• Filtered sun.
• Slow grower.
- Bloodgood/Crimson Queen
• The Bloodgood are a tall, upright variety.
• Gives poise and charm to any lawn with its pleasing weeping habit and dissected leaf type.
• The dark red summer leaves of these trees mature to a crimson colour for fall foliage.
• Delicate, finely divided, mid green or red foliage, larger and more finely dissected than typical, creates a graceful, layered, cascading effect.
• Initially green with foliage turning gold to a glowing orange in the fall.
Japanese Maples add grace, elegance, and style to any garden which explains their enormous popularity.
Culture of Japanese Maples
- Plant in a sheltered location (i.e. against the house, garage, fence, or in the shelter of larger plants that will bear the impact of west and north wind) as Japanese Maples cannot tolerate cold, winter wind nor can they take the hot, drying wind of the summer.
- Make sure they’re in an area where they can receive afternoon shade.
- Do not put your lawn sprinkler on over your Japanese Maple as the droplets of water can burn holes in the foliage on a hot summer day.
- Plant in well-drained soil, acidic soil (pH 5.5 – 6.5), rich in organic matter (compost, peat moss, manure). This will keep the soil from drying out.
- Prune only in the spring to trim any branches that may have died over the winter.
- Water deeply in mid to late November and cover the root zone with 10 cm (4″) of mulch.
- Amur Maple – Leafs out in early spring and can be used as a small specimen tree, a large shrub, or for screening where their density will be fully appreciated. Their small green, maple-shaped leaves turn a beautiful scarlet red in October.
- Flame Amur Maple – Is usually a multi-stemmed tree. Its summer color is green, but is mixed with bright red ‘helicopters’ in mid summer and is noted for its fiery-red autumn color. This tree is extremely hardy and drought resistant once established. They make an excellent screen or hedge.
- Paperbark Maple – Prefers sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil but will grow in a variety of soil types. Not drought tolerant. This very unique specimen has cinnamon, orange bark that peels in paper thin strips. Its green leaves turn a bright red-orange in October.
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